This guide was created to assist public defenders and other attorneys representing immigrant clients facing Iowa criminal charges to provide competent legal advice relating to the potential immigration consequences for a conviction, as required per Padilla v. Kentucky. Determining the immigration consequences for a criminal conviction requires interpreting and applying various provisions of the Immigration & Nationality Act (INA) —the law that generally includes all of the federal statutory provisions that establish who may enter the country, how long they may stay, what they may do while they are here, and when the U.S. government may remove them from the country.
 Padilla v. Kentucky, 559 U.S. 356 (2010).
Immigration & Nationality Act, 8 U.S.C. § 1101, 1157–57, 1181–82, 1201, 1254–55, 1259, 1322, 135 (2014)